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Results for search "Neurology".

Health News Results - 686

In a finding that unearths yet another way Long COVID can harm health, new research finds the condition may trigger thinking declines.

Published Thursday in the New England Journal of Medicine, the study involved cognitive testing on nearly 113,000 people in England. It found that thos...

Perhaps by reducing anxiety, a service dog can help reduce seizures in people with tough-to-treat epilepsy, a new study finds.

A group of 25 study participants had an average 31% fewer seizures after months of owning a service dog trained to help people with epilepsy.

And seven of those patients experienced a 50% to 100% reduction in seizures, researchers report in the Feb. 28 issue...

According to the advocacy group Autism Speaks, one in every 36 U.S. children has an autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

Early diagnosis is crucial to helping to treat the condition, but how is a diagnosis done?

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention<...

Live musical performances speak to the soul, stimulating the brain in ways more powerful than listening to a recorded tune does, new research finds.

“Our study showed that pleasant and unpleasant emotions performed as live music elicited much higher and more consistent activity in the amygdala [the emotional center of the brain] than recorded music,” said lead researcher

  • Dennis Thompson HealthDay Reporter
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  • February 28, 2024
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  • In a new study, yoga appears to have bolstered the brain health of older women who had risk factors for Alzheimer's disease.

    The study can't prove that the ancient practice will slow or prevent the onset of Alzheimer's, but it did seem to reverse some forms of neurological decline, researchers said.

    “That is what yoga is good for -- to reduce stress, to improve brain health, subje...

    Pesticides and herbicides used in farming appear to increase people’s risk of Parkinson’s disease, a new, preliminary study finds.

    People exposed to pesticides and herbicides are 25% to 36% more likely to develop Parkinson’s, according to a study to be presented at the American Academy of Neurology’s upcoming annual meeting in April.

    The Parkinson's risk was specifically hi...

    The mind is alert to relaxing words spoken by others when you're asleep, so much so that your heart beat slows down, new research shows.

    Hearing words like "relax" and "easy" spoken while asleep appeared to help put study participants into a deeper sleep and slowed their heartbeat, while words deemed not to be relaxing did not, scientists report.

    The findings suggest that "the brain...

    Former talk show host Wendy Williams has been diagnosed with primary progressive aphasia and frontotemporal dementia, her representatives announced in a statement on Thursday.

    The conditions are the same diagnoses actor Bruce Willis received in 2022...

    No one's brain is as sharp at 60 as it was at 20.

    However, new research supports the notion that folk's brains can make subtle adjustments with age to compensate for that decline.

    A team of British researchers has found more evidence that as the mind ages, it sometimes recruits help from certain brain regions to make up for deficits elsewhere.

    This does not happen for everyo...

    Scientists say they've created the first 3D-printed brain tissue where neurons network and "talk" to each other.

    The breakthrough could be an advance for studying neurological processes in the lab, say a team from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

    “This could be a hugely powerful model to help us understand how brain cells and parts of the brain communicate in humans,” said s...

    Police seizures of “magic” mushrooms have more than tripled within the past five years, the U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse reports.

    The total weight of psilocybin mushrooms seized by law enforcement increased from 498 pounds in 2017 to 1,861 pounds in 2022, according to a new report published Feb. 6 in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence.

    To put those seizure...

    New research suggests healthy lifestyles can help stave off dementia, perhaps by building a resilient 'cognitive reserve' in the aging brain.

    The study was based on the brain autopsies on 586 people who lived to an average of almost 91. Researchers compared each person's lifestyle and end-of-life mental skills to their neurological signs of dementia, such as brain protein plaques or chang...

    Advanced brain recording techniques have revealed how neurons in the human brain work together to produce speech.

    The recordings provide a detailed map of how people think about what words they want to say and then speak them aloud, researchers report in the Jan. 31 issue of the journal Nature.

    Specifically, t...

    Losing the use of an arm after a stroke can be devastating, but new research could offer survivors fresh hope.

    The study found that a combination of targeted brain stimulation therapy, along with intense physical rehabilitation, can restore control of an affected arm or hand.

    “This is the first time that brain stimulation combined with rehabilitation therapy for stroke is availabl...

    A walk in the woods appears to sharpen the mind better than an urban asphalt amble, a new brain scan study finds.

    People strolling through an arboretum at the University of Utah performed better on brain function tests than those who walked around an asphalt-laden medical campus, according to findings published recently in the journal

  • Dennis Thompson HealthDay Reporter
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  • February 1, 2024
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  • Biogen, maker of the Alzheimer's medicine Aduhelm, announced Wednesday that it would "discontinue the development and commercialization" of the controversial drug.

    Biogen will return the rights to Aduhelm to Neurimmune, the private firm that invented it, the company said in a

  • Ernie Mundell HealthDay Reporter
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  • January 31, 2024
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  • Elon Musk, co-founder of Neuralink, said this week that the company placed the first brain implant in a human over the weekend.

    In a statement posted on X, the platform formerly known as Twitter that is now owned by Musk, the billionaire said the patient was “recovering well.” He added that...

    New research is helping confirm smoking as a risk factor for the devastating brain illness amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

    ALS affects roughly 31,000 Americans each year, with about 5,000 new cases diagnosed annually, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It's a progressive, fatal illness that causes nerves cells controlling muscles to slowly die, leading...

    Five of eight British children who received human growth hormone from the pituitary glands of deceased donors went on to develop early-onset Alzheimer's disease many decades later, researchers report.

    Researchers at University College London (UCL) suspect that the growth hormone received by these people in childhood may have contained amyloid-beta protein plaques, which build up in the br...

    'Young folk don't write in cursive anymore' is a common complaint of older folks in this keyboard-obsessed age.

    Now, new research suggests that kids who ignore handwriting are, in fact, missing out: By the time they reach college, their brain "connectivity" may be weaker than folks who write regularly.

    In a study of 36 university students, "we show that when writing by hand, brain c...

    Strange visual disturbances occur early in about 10% of Alzheimer's cases, and when this happens it almost always signals the impending arrival of the disease, a new study finds.

    The condition is called posterior cortical atrophy (PCA). It involves a sudden difficulty in performing vision-related tasks -- for example writing, judging whether an object is moving or stationary, or easily pi...

    Young Black and Hispanic women diagnosed with multiple sclerosis are more likely to fare worse than young white women do, a new study shows.

    Specifically, they are more likely to have advanced MS and to face greater challenges during pregnancy, according to findings published Jan. 23 in the journal Neurology.

    “We found that Black and Hispanic women faced socioeconomic dis...

    Two new strategies using deep brain stimulation can improve symptoms of Parkinson's disease, Duke University researchers have found.

    Doctors can efficiently improve symptoms of Parkinson's by simultaneously targeting to key brain structures using a newly developed self-adjusting device, researchers recently reported in the journal

  • Dennis Thompson HealthDay Reporter
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  • January 23, 2024
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  • For the more than 3 billion gamers around the world, the loud noises they experience while playing video games could threaten their hearing, a new review suggests.

    Whether on the couch, parked at a computer desk or in an arcade, studies have shown the noise from video games often exceeds levels deemed safe for a person's hearing, according to the report published Jan. 16 in the journal

    There's information emerging on how the common Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) might be crucial to triggering multiple sclerosis (MS).

    The virus, which also causes "mono" (mononucleosis) and other illnesses, has gained prominence in recent years as a potential cause of MS. Over 95% of people are thought to carry EBV, although for most people it remains dormant.

    Now, a team of Texan researc...

    How much a person believes in the strength of a drug might influence how powerfully that drug influences brain activity, a new study has found.

    Smokers told to expect a low, medium or high dose of nicotine from an e-cigarette showed a brain response that tracked with the purported dose, even though nicotine levels were actually constant, researchers said.

    “We set out to investigat...

    A rare genetic mutation found in 1% of people of European descent appears to cut their odds for Parkinson's disease in half, a new study finds.

    A better understanding of how this bit of DNA works might lead to better prevention and treatment of Parkinson's generally, researchers at the University of Southern California (USC) said.

    “This study advances our understanding of why peop...

    An electrical zap to the brain can temporarily render a person more susceptible to hypnosis, a new study shows.

    Participants became more easily hypnotized after paddles placed against their scalp delivered two 46-second rounds of electrical pulses to a precise location in their brain, researchers reported Jan. 4 in the journal Nature Mental Health.

    This increase in their su...

    THURSDAY, Jan. 4, 2023 (HeathDay News) -- Muscle cells' "power stations" function less effectively in people with long COVID, potentially explaining the persistent fatigue that's a hallmark of the condition.

    That's the finding of a Dutch study published Jan. 4 in the journal Nature Communications.

    "We're seeing clear changes in ...

    The fluid-filled spaces around the brain's blood vessels need proper waste "clearance" every few hours. When that fails to happen, a baby's risk for autism appears to rise, new research shows.

    It's too early to say that trouble within these "perivascular" spaces causes autism, but it seems to be an early marker for the condition, a team from the University of North Carolina (UNC) reports....

    From alcohol use to social isolation, poor hearing and heart disease, researchers have identified more than a dozen non-genetic factors that up the risk of dementia for people under 65.

    Though about 370,000 new cases a year of young-onset dementia are diagnosed worldwide, it hasn't been well-researched.

    Now, a large study from scientists in the U.K. and the Netherlands suggests that...

    A new cellular therapy improved learning and memory in mice with Alzheimer's disease, researchers report.

    The therapy -- developed at the University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC) -- relies on both the immune system to fight key aspects of Alzheimer's, plus modified cells that zero in on the brain protein plaques that are a hallmark of the disease.

    In patients with Alzheimer's, ...

    Stroke patients often suffer from "spatial neglect" -- an inability to see things on the side of the body opposite to where the brain injury occurred.

    Now, new research suggests that spatial neglect can also affect folks who've had a traumatic brain injury (TBI).

    The study makes clear that screening for spatial neglect “is warranted in TBI rehabilitation as well as in stroke rehab...

    In preliminary findings, Swedish researchers say taking a cholesterol-lowering statin could also slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease.

    The study can't prove cause-and-effect, but might pave the way to a trial that could confirm such a link, said study author Sara Garcia-Ptacek, an associate professor of neuroscience at the Ka...

    Patients with Parkinson's disease call it "D-Day," the date they were told they had the incurable movement disorder.

    Now, a new study suggests they might be getting the wrong message when they get the news.

    "A lot of people say 'I'm sorry, you have Parkinson's,'" said lead author Dr. Indu Subramanian, a movement dis...

    Are you necessarily at higher risk of Alzheimer's disease just because you're 80, and not 75? New research shows it's more complex than that.

    The findings suggest that it's the pace of buildup in the brain of Alzheimer's-linked amyloid protein plaques that matters most, not age.

    “Our findings are consistent with studies showing that the amyloid accumulation in the brain takes de...

    Head injuries related to football might be tied to markers of dementia like brain shrinkage and decreased blood flow to the brain, a new study of former pro and college players reports.

    The study looked at signs of injury to the brain's white matter, called white matter hyperintensities.

    These are caused by red...

    Early research in mice could be getting closer to the roots of what causes Parkinson's disease.

    A "pathological" form of a common brain protein, alpha-synuclein, could play a role in the death of dopamine-rich brain cells, according to a team at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine in Baltimore.

    It's this steady loss of dopamine cells that's a hallmark of Parkinson's, researchers explai...

    Smoking shrinks the human brain, and once that brain mass is lost then it's gone for good, a new study warns.

    Brain scans from more than 32,000 people strongly link a history of smoking with a gradual loss of brain volume. In fact, the more packs a person smoked per day, the smaller their brain volume, researchers found.

    The study also establishes the potential series of events that...

    A study involving twins suggests that if you have a sibling who develops dementia, that might not bode well for your life span.

    That's true even if you don't go on to develop dementia yourself, according to a study from U.S. and Swedish researchers.

    One investigator was surprised by the finding.

    “We expected a different result. We expected that, in twins where one developed ...

    Games like football, soccer and rugby come to mind when thinking about sports-related concussions.

    But a smashing tennis shot could cause a traumatic brain injury if the ball whacks a player's head, a new study argues.

    Concussions can happen if a tennis ball traveling faster than 89 miles per hour hits someone on the head, researchers report.

    The average serve speed in profess...

    Patients in the earliest stages of multiple sclerosis might develop certain symptoms that offer an early clue to the degenerative nerve disease, researchers report.

    Depression, constipation, urinary tract infections and sexual problems are all more likely in MS patients five years before their official diagnosis, compared with people who never develop MS, researchers found.

    Those co...

    Neurologist Dr. Deborah Holder says she often has parents come to her with kids who've experienced what they call "funny spells."

    “Sometimes I start talking to a parent and find out the parent has [also] had 'funny spells' for years, but had no idea they were epileptic seizures," said Holder, who practices a...

    New research challenges a long-held notion that human newborns enter the world with brains that are significantly less developed than those of other primates.

    Babies are born extremely helpless and with poor muscle control, and human brains grow much larger and more complex than other species following birth, investigators said.

    Because of those observations, it's long been believed...

    People with epilepsy suffer quicker declines in thinking than people without the brain disorder, particularly if they also have risk factors like high blood pressure or diabetes, a new study finds.

    The difference was significant: Over the course of the 14-year study, those with epilepsy experienced a 65% to 70% faster decline in memory and thinking skills.

    On top of that, having ris...

    Black, Hispanic and low-income kids are less likely to receive surgery that can treat their drug-resistant epilepsy, a new study finds.

    Researchers discovered that children on anti-seizure drugs who received vagus nerve stimulation were 35% more likely to be alive after 10 years, and those who also had cranial surgery were 83% more likely to be alive.

    But White children were much mo...

    Teenagers with epilepsy are more likely to have an eating disorder than those not suffering from the brain disease, a new study shows.

    About 8.4% of children ages 10 to 19 treated at a Boston epilepsy clinic had eating disorders, three times the national average of 2.7% of teens with an eating disorder, researchers found.

    “Adolescents with epilepsy may feel a loss of control becau...

    Gina Arata had a bright future, wrapping up college and preparing for law school, when a 2001 car wreck left her with lasting brain damage.

    After her recovery, Arata wound up taking a job sorting mail, but struggled even in that.

    “I couldn't remember anything,” said Arata, who lives in Modesto with her parents. “My left foot dropped, so I'd trip over things all the time. I was...

    Tinnitus, or "ringing in the ears," affects up to 1 in every 10 people and can be disabling for some.

    Now, scientists at the Massachusetts Ear and Eye Infirmary believe they may have discovered a key cause of the condition: A degeneration of nerves crucial to hearing.

    “We won't be able to cure tinnitus until we fully understand the mechanisms underlying its genesis. This work is a...

    Alzheimer's patients are notoriously irritable, agitated and anxious -- and researchers now think they know why.

    Brain inflammation appears to influence the mood problems of Alzheimer's patients, rather than traditional markers of the disease like amyloid beta or tau proteins, researchers report in the Nov. 27 issue of the journal

  • Dennis Thompson HealthDay Reporter
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  • November 29, 2023
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